It also guaranteed free elections. Finally, the Declaration of Independence says that the only reason to have government is to protect the rights of the people. Its anti-authority sentiment was sparked by the Protestant Reformation, which encouraged thinkers to question the authority of the Catholic Church.
This spirit of freedom, democracy and equality inspired the formation of a new American government that honored the Enlightenment values of freedom, liberty, justice and equality. If the government failed to carry out these responsibilities, its citizens had a right to overthrow their leader.
During this time, prominent philosophers emerged in Britain, France and other European countries. The economic prosperity in Europe also gave rise to a more prosperous and particular middle class who questioned authority. One is the idea that all people are entitled to certain rights just by virtue of being human.
Government activities were previously reserved strictly for the upper classes. This concept was very attractive to American citizens, and ultimately led to the restructuring of the American government.
With the emergence of printing technologies, this idea spread quickly to Americans across the Atlantic. European Influence The Enlightenment coincided with the American Revolution, which took place between and A main facet of the Enlightenment was that it gave commoners a sense of empowerment.
While these philosophers set the stage for change in the United States, John Locke is credited with prompting citizens to turn words into action. Inthe Petition of Right granted commoners a say in government affairs. This is the third Enlightenment idea found in the Declaration of Independence.
First, the Declaration of Independence says that people have certain rights just because they are people. They have these rights simply because they are human.
Second, the Declaration of Independence says that a government is only legitimate if the people consent to be ruled by it. They proposed that societies everywhere could be changed through social reform, which gained traction with restless and unhappy citizens in the United States and abroad.
This, too, comes from the Enlightenment. This idea is found in the Declaration as well. The Declaration of Independence draws heavily on the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke. Enlightenment thinkers did not think that governments should exist to give power to kings.
These rights are not given to them by the government and cannot be taken away from them.
Montesquieu also proposed a breakdown of government into separate branches. Locke proposed that humans could use rational thought to avoid tyranny. In the decade before the Revolution, the British government attempted to exert more control over the 13 colonies. It is possible for a government to force its will on the people, but that government is not a legitimate government and it has no right to rule the people.
Their teachings spread to the shores of the United States as post-Middle Age Europe brought an increase in overseas voyages and an expansion of global trade. Let us look at three examples of this.Voices of the Revolution: Two Great Thinkers The Founding Fathers were a group of extraordinary thinkers and brilliant men, but throughout the course of American Constitutional History, there were a number of other writers, philosophers, and revolutionaries who helped champion or support the case for American Independence.
The American Revolution: A War for Independence Essay - The American Revolution was a war for independence. It was a war which was fought for equal rights and the freedom of a would be nation. The Enlightenment coincided with the American Revolution, which took place between and Many factors led to the outbreak of the Revolution, but a chief factor was the American colonists' discontent with the British government.
Wrote the Declaration of Independence using Locke's ideas as well as contributed to the U.S. Constitution. Benjamin Franklin An American diplomat who worked in France to gain French support for the American Revolution and contributed to the writing of.
Throughout the Declaration of Independence, we see immense influence from the Enlightenment period. Thomas Jefferson was obviously a huge fan of one philosopher in particular, John Locke. Locke, Newton, and other Enlightenment thinkers put forth ideas about liberty and personal will that went on to be key aspects in the most important documents in America such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.Download